On 26 October 1942 the regiment left Scotland by ship which, as part of a large invasion fleet, headed for French Morocco. In its first amphibious assault under combat conditions, the 16th Infantry landed on a beach near Arzew, French Morocco at 0100 hours, on 8 November 1942. Over the next three days, the regiment battle relatively light resistance from Vichy French forces and helped to capture Oran. It doing so, the Big Red One established a permanent presence for the US Army in North Africa. During the remainder of the North African campaign the 16th Infantry fought a number of locations to include the OusseltiaValley, Kasserine Pass, El Guettar, and Mateur in Tunisia. For its actions at Kasserine the regiment was decorated with the Croix de Guerre by the French Government and it received its first Presidential Unit Citation for its actions near Mateur.